Describe || Documentaries

Hello Netizens,
Documentaries is one of the genres films offer, and it has been part of our history for a while. For today's blogpost, I would like to introduce you to the different types of documentaries documentaries and why they are different.

What is a Documentary?

According to the Oxford dictionary, Documentary means, "A film or television or radio programme that provides a factual report on a particular subject." Bill Nichol's book 'Introdction to Documentary' outlines the six different types of Documentaries. Furthermore, these genres aren't solid but fluid as they can vary from one another. 

Six Types of Documentaries

Documentary mode is a concept made by the American documentary theorist Bill Nichols. He wanted to distinguish between the different traits and style of documentaries.

Poetic Documentaries:
According to the author, they begun in the 1920s. They are documentaries that focuses on making the viewer experience the scene, through showing multiple images, unrelated images or showing a new perspective. They are abstract and loose with the narrative, and often considered as 'Avant-Garde'. It is a very experimental genre, which purpose is to create a feeling rather than present the truth.

Expository Documentaries:
It is what the majority consider documentaries are. Expository documentaries are straight to the point, and their goal is to persuade individuals to believe in something. Their narrator is often interpreted as the voice of truth.


Observational Documentary:
They are documentaries that aim to observe the world and provide the unheard voice of an issue some light. They started in the 1960s.


Participatory Documentaries:
They are similar to observational documentaries in their purpose, but they differ the style of filming. instead of having a voice over the documentary the voice of the narrator is heard behind the camera and often controls the scene being filmed.

Reflexive Documentaries:
They are similar to participatory documentaries, as they include the narrator in the narrative. However, they are not like observational documentaries, as they do not focus on outside subject. Usually, reflexive documentaries focus on the process of producing the documentary itself.


Performative documentaries:
They are also an experimental form of documentaries, which combines different styles to focus on the subjects' experiences and share an emotional respond. More often than not, performative documentaries connect personal instances and experiences juxtaposed with larger historical or political issues. This style of filming has been associated with "Michael Moore", as he frequently uses personal expriences to create social truths.


Documentaries and films

Documentaries are films, they can be artistic, straight forward, experimental or observational. the only difference is Documentaries are based on fact. Nevertheless, that is still debatable. As there are documentaries on conspiracy theories, UFOs, supernatural experience and some based on feelings.

Furthermore, what the majority consider films to be is anything based on a fictional plot and acted out. Which excludes Performance art, video art and Documentaries from the narrative.





Referemces:
1. https://en.oxforddictionaries.com/definition/documentary
2. https://www.premiumbeat.com/blog/6-types-of-documentary-film/

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