History of Media || Cinema

Hello Netizens,
We all grew up watching films either on television or the silver screen. Films have influenced us in the way we think and view situations or people. Cinema being the primary source of this medium, reflects on how it became a prominent part of our society.


Lets start with defining cinematography; it is the illusion of motion. Cinematography is based on optical phenomena called "persistence of vision" and "the phi phenomenon," which cause the brain to maintain images projected upon the retina of the eye for less than second after they disappear from the field of sight, As the images appear quickly one after another, it creates the illusion of movement.

There is not an inventor for cinema, as it is a result of collaborating different works of multiple individuals. However, the Edison Company is first to create a prototype of the kinetoscope. The  Lumière brothers are the first to present moving pictures to a paying audience.

Industrial Revolution 

The industrial revolution period is when new manufacturing process where introduced between 1820
to 1840. It resulted in a change in the methods products were made. Society switched from hand production methods to machines, new chemical manufacturing and iron production processes. All of this is a result of steam power being introduced, increase in factory system and development of machinery tools.

In terms of employement, the textile industry had the largest boost during the industrial revolution. The textile industry was also the first to use modern production methods.

The industrial revolution begun in Great Britain and slowly spread to neighbouring countries, and it effected society in various ways. For instance, the standard of living became better, the birthrate increased and there was a significant economic growth.

Cinema's Effects

The fist screening of a film was in 1895, Paris. the Cinema industry begun 55 years after the end of the industrial revolution. The cinema industry may have not affected the industrial revolution or the lives of people during that time period, however, most likely without the industrial revolution a cinema industry wouldn't have risen.

For the same reason, cinema had no effects on peoples' lives during the reformation era.

Cinema affected socities and individuals since the early 1900s, and over the years it gathered attention of individuals from all around the globe. It is a tool that shapes societies by transforming viweres opinions or helping them take a stance in their views.
Cinema has various effects, which include:
  1. The can create a new culture (example: IT).
  2. Influence Cultures (example: City of God) 
  3. Life imitating art (repeating scenes seen in films)
  4. Provides an escape (example: Richie Rich) 
Some argue, films' power to sway people's opinions is dangerous, however, if used correctly it can be a great tool to enlighten a large number of individuals in a short time and with ease.

1. https://blog.scienceandmediamuseum.org.uk/very-short-history-of-cinema/
2. https://www.britannica.com/art/history-of-the-motion-picture
3. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Industrial_Revolution
4. http://edictive.com/blog/influence-of-film-on-modern-society/


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